GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SENATE BILL 434
Agriculture/Environment/Natural Resources Committee Substitute Adopted 4/21/17
Short Title: Amend Environmental Laws 2.
March 29, 2017
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT to amend certain environmental and natural resources Laws.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
REPEAL YARD WASTE PERMITTING REQUIREMENTS
SECTION 1.(a) G.S. 130A‑290(a) reads as rewritten:
"§ 130A‑290. Definitions.
(a) Unless a different meaning is required by the context, the following definitions shall apply throughout this Article:
(45) "Yard trash"
means solid waste
consisting solely of vegetative matter resulting from
landscaping maintenance.and yard maintenance, including brush, grass,
tree limbs, and similar vegetative material.
(46) "Yard waste" means yard trash and land‑clearing debris, including stumps, limbs, leaves, grass, and untreated wood."
SECTION 1.(b) G.S. 130A‑294 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:
"(v) Yard waste diverted from the waste stream or collected as source separated material is not subject to a solid waste permit for transfer, treatment, processing, storage, or disposal in a permitted solid waste management facility. Operators of facilities where yard waste is subject to transfer, treatment, processing, storage, or disposal shall, however, comply with all other federal, State, or local laws, ordinances, rules, regulations, or orders, including zoning, flood plain, and wetland restrictions, sedimentation and erosion control requirements, and mining regulations. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as limiting the authority of any local government to manage the transfer, treatment, processing, storage, or disposal of yard waste."
SECTION 1.(c) This section becomes effective July 1, 2017, and applies to the transfer, treatment, processing, storage, or disposal of yard waste occurring on or after that date.
rEPEAL PLASTIC BAG BAN
SECTION 1.1.(a) Part 2G of Article 9 of Chapter 130A of the General Statutes is repealed.
SECTION 1.1.(b) G.S. 130A‑22(a) reads as rewritten:
"(a) The Secretary of
Environmental Quality may impose an administrative penalty on a person who
violates Article 9 of this Chapter, rules adopted by the Commission pursuant to
Article 9, or any term or condition of a permit or order issued under Article
9. Each day of a continuing violation shall constitute a separate violation.
The penalty shall not exceed fifteen thousand dollars ($15,000) per day in the
case of a violation involving nonhazardous waste. The penalty shall not exceed
thirty‑two thousand five hundred dollars ($32,500) per day in the case of
a first violation involving hazardous waste as defined in G.S. 130A‑290
or involving the disposal of medical waste as defined in G.S. 130A‑290
in or upon water in a manner that results in medical waste entering waters or
lands of the State; and shall not exceed fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) per
day for a second or further violation involving the disposal of medical waste
as defined in G.S. 130A‑290 in or upon water in a manner that
results in medical waste entering waters or lands of the State. The penalty
shall not exceed thirty‑two thousand five hundred dollars ($32,500) per
day for a violation involving a voluntary remedial action implemented pursuant
to G.S. 130A‑310.9(c) or a violation of the rules adopted pursuant
to G.S. 130A‑310.12(b).
The penalty shall not exceed one hundred
dollars ($100.00) for a first violation; two hundred dollars ($200.00) for a
second violation within any 12‑month period; and five hundred dollars
($500.00) for each additional violation within any 12‑month period for
any violation of Part 2G of Article 9 of this Chapter. For violations of
Part 7 of Article 9 of this Chapter and G.S. 130A‑309.10(m): (i) a
warning shall be issued for a first violation; (ii) the penalty shall not
exceed two hundred dollars ($200.00) for a second violation; and (iii) the
penalty shall not exceed five hundred dollars ($500.00) for subsequent
violations. If a person fails to pay a civil penalty within 60 days after the
final agency decision or court order has been served on the violator, the
Secretary of Environmental Quality shall request the Attorney General to
institute a civil action in the superior court of any county in which the
violator resides or has his or its principal place of business to recover the
amount of the assessment. Such civil actions must be filed within three years
of the date the final agency decision or court order was served on the
SECTION 1.1.(c) Section 13.10(c) of S.L. 2010‑31 is repealed.
SECTION 1.1.(d) This section becomes effective July 1, 2017.
Local Government riparian buffer uniformity
SECTION 2.(a) The General Assembly finds the following:
(1) The State has declared certain water bodies to be nutrient‑sensitive due to the high levels of nitrogen, phosphorus, sediment, or any combination of those pollutants.
(2) As a means for reducing the amount of nitrogen, phosphorous, and sediment that enters these nutrient‑sensitive surface waters, the State has initiated a program to maintain existing riparian buffers that is a part of a complete and integrated regulatory scheme for the protection and improvement of water quality that may be delegated for enforcement to qualifying units of local government.
(3) When the enforcement of the buffer program is delegated to qualifying units of local government, those units of local government should apply riparian buffer standards that do not exceed established State or federal standards in order to assure uniformity of regulation throughout the State.
SECTION 2.(b) G.S. 143‑214.23A reads as rewritten:
"§ 143‑214.23A. Limitations on local government riparian buffer requirements.
(a) As used in this section:
(1) "Local government
action" means any action by a local government carrying the
effect of law approved before or after October 1, 2015, whether by ordinance,
ordinance, including, but not limited to, zoning, subdivision control,
flood control, or water supply watershed protection ordinances, comprehensive
plan, policy, resolution, condition of approval imposed on an applicant for
approval of a development plan, or special or conditional permit, or other
(2) "Protection of water quality" means nutrient removal, pollutant removal, stream bank protection, or protection of an endangered species as required by federal law.
(3) "Riparian buffer area" means an area subject to a riparian buffer requirement.
(4) "Riparian buffer
requirement" means a landward setback from surface
bodies or any other hydrologic bodies to which a riparian buffer may be
(a1) The provisions of this section apply to all enacted or proposed local government actions that include or impose riparian buffer requirements violating subsection (b) of this section, even if the local government action has been approved by the Commission, the Department, or other State agency.
(b) Except as provided in
this section, a local government may not enact, implement, or enforce a local
ordinance action or apply for or renew a permit issued by
any State or federal agency that requires a local government action that
establishes a riparian buffer requirement that exceeds riparian buffer
requirements necessary to comply with or implement federal or State law or a
condition of a permit, certificate, or other approval issued by a federal or
State agency.riparian buffer requirements directly imposed by State or
federal law. This subsection shall not apply to a permit required by a federal
agency as a condition of federal funding or of federal approval for a project
initiated prior to the effective date of this section.
(c) Subsection (b) of this
section shall not apply to any local government
ordinance action that
establishes a riparian buffer requirement enacted prior to August 1, 1997, if
(i) the ordinance action included findings that the requirement
was imposed for purposes that include the protection of aesthetics, fish and
wildlife habitat, and recreational use by maintaining water temperature,
healthy tree canopy and understory, and the protection of the natural shoreline
through minimization of erosion and potential chemical pollution in addition to
the protection of water quality and the prevention of excess nutrient runoff,
and (ii) the ordinance action would permit small or temporary
structures within 50 feet of the water body and docks and piers within and
along the edge of the water body under certain circumstances. (d) A local government may request from the
Commission the authority to enact, implement, and enforce a local government ordinance
that establishes a riparian buffer requirement for the protection of water
quality that exceeds riparian buffer requirements for the protection of water
quality necessary to comply with or implement federal or State law or a
condition of a permit, certificate, or other approval issued by a federal or
State agency. To do so, a local government shall submit to the Commission an
application requesting this authority that includes the local government ordinance,
including the riparian buffer requirement for the protection of water quality,
scientific studies of the local environmental and physical conditions that
support the necessity of the riparian buffer requirement for the protection of
water quality, and any other information requested by the Commission. Within 90
days after the Commission receives a complete application, the Commission shall
review the application and notify the local government whether the application
has been approved, approved with modifications, or disapproved. The Commission
shall not approve a local government ordinance that establishes a riparian
buffer requirement for the protection of water quality unless the Commission
finds that the scientific evidence presented by the local government supports
the necessity of the riparian buffer requirement for the protection of water
(d1) Local government actions violating subsection (b) of this section that are required by a permit issued by a State or federal agency, including, but not limited to, an NPDES or a permit condition imposed to meet a TMDL, shall remain in place and may be enforced until the permit upon which they are based expires. Upon the expiration of the permit that is the basis for an existing local government action violating subsection (b) of this section, the existing local government action shall be unenforceable.
SECTION 2.(c) This section is effective when this act becomes law.
AMEND THE RULE FOR PROTECTION OF EXISTING BUFFERS TO EXEMPT CERTAIN APPLICABILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR PUBLIC SAFETY
SECTION 2.1.(a) Definitions. – "Protection of Existing Buffers Rule" means 15A NCAC 02B .0267 (Jordan Water Supply Nutrient Strategy: Protection of Existing Riparian Buffers) for purposes of this section and its implementation.
SECTION 2.1.(b) Protection of Existing Buffers Rule. – Until the effective date of the revised permanent rule that the Environmental Management Commission is required to adopt pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, the Commission and the Department of Environmental Quality shall implement the Protection of Existing Buffers Rule, as provided in subsection (c) of this section.
SECTION 2.1.(c) Implementation. – The Commission shall exempt from the applicability requirements of the Protection of Existing Buffers Rule any publicly owned spaces where it has been determined by the head of the local law enforcement agency with jurisdiction over that area that the buffers pose a risk to public safety.
SECTION 2.1.(d) Additional Rule‑Making Authority. – The Commission shall adopt a rule to amend the Protection of Existing Buffers Rule consistent with subsection (c) of this section. Notwithstanding G.S. 150B‑19(4), the rule adopted by the Commission, pursuant to this section, shall be substantively identical to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section. Rules adopted pursuant to this section are not subject to Part 3 of Article 2A of Chapter 150B of the General Statutes. Rules adopted pursuant to this section shall become effective as provided in G.S. 150B‑21.3(b1) as though 10 or more written objections had been received as provided by G.S. 150B‑21.3(b2).
SECTION 2.1.(e) Sunset. – This section expires when permanent rules adopted as required by subsection (d) of this section become effective.
Shellfish enterprise areas
SECTION 3.(a) G.S. 113‑201 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:
"(d) The Marine Fisheries Commission may adopt rules to establish Shellfish Aquaculture Enterprise Areas to facilitate shellfish aquaculture opportunities through advanced siting and preapprovals from relevant federal and State agencies. The Secretary shall only issue nontransferrable leases within designated Shellfish Aquaculture Enterprise Areas. Any leased parcel within a Shellfish Aquaculture Enterprise Area that is relinquished or terminated shall revert to the State and be made available to other applicants."
SECTION 3.(b) G.S. 113‑201.1 is amended by adding a new subdivision to read:
"(3a) "Shellfish Aquaculture Enterprise Area" means an area designated and permitted by the Department that is subdivided into parcels and made available for shellfish aquaculture leasing."
marine fisheries clarifying changes
SECTION 4.(a) G.S. 113‑203 reads as rewritten:
"§ 113‑203. Transplanting of oysters and clams.
(a2) It is unlawful to do any of the following:
(1) Transplant oysters or clams taken from public grounds to private beds except when lawfully taken during open season and transported directly to a private bed in accordance with rules of the Marine Fisheries Commission.
(2) Transplant oysters or clams taken from permitted aquaculture operations to private beds except from waters in the approved classification.
(3) Transplant oysters or clams from public grounds or permitted aquaculture operations utilizing waters in the prohibited, restricted or conditionally approved classification to private beds except when the transplanting is done in accordance with the provisions of this section and implementing rules.
It Unless the
Secretary determines that the nursery of shellfish in an area will present a
risk to public health, it is lawful to transplant seed oysters or seed
clams taken from permitted aquaculture operations that use waters in the prohibited,
restricted or conditionally approved classification to private beds
pursuant to an Aquaculture Seed Transplant Permit issued by the Secretary that
sets times during which transplant is permissible and other reasonable
restrictions imposed by the Secretary under either of the following
(1) When transplanting seed clams less than 12 millimeters in their largest dimension.
(2) When transplanting seed oysters less than 25 millimeters in their largest dimension.
SECTION 4.(b) G.S. 113‑168.4(b) reads as rewritten:
"(b) Except as otherwise provided in this section, it is unlawful for any person licensed under this Article to sell fish taken outside the territorial waters of the State or to sell fish taken from coastal fishing waters. A person licensed under this Article may sell fish taken outside the territorial waters of the State or sell fish taken from coastal fishing waters under any of the following circumstances:
(1) The sale is to a fish dealer licensed under G.S. 113‑169.3.
(2) The sale is to the public and the seller is a licensed fish dealer under G.S. 113‑169.3.
(3) The sale is of
or clams from fish reared in a hatchery or aquaculture operation to
the holder of an Aquaculture Operation Permit, an Under Dock Culture Permit, or
a shellfish cultivation lease for further grow out."
River Herring fisheries management
SECTION 5. The Division of Marine Fisheries shall review its Fishery Management Plan for river herring (blueback herring, Alosa aestivalis, and alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus) and report no later than December 15, 2017, to the Joint Legislative Oversight Committee on Agriculture and Natural and Economic Resources regarding the continuing validity and scientific basis for the continued status of both species as "overfished." If the Division does not have an adequate scientific basis to review the status of both species, then the report should include cost estimates for the restoration of spawning and nursery area surveys and age composition work for all coastal streams within the State that historically contained significant river herring fisheries.
State participation in siting of atlantic intracoastal waterway dredged material disposal Easements
SECTION 6.(a) The Division of Coastal Management of the Department of Environmental Quality and the State Property Office are authorized to negotiate with appropriate agencies of the federal government an agreement for the State to assume responsibility for acquiring dredged material easement sites appropriate for maintenance dredging of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway between Beaufort Inlet and the border with the Commonwealth of Virginia in exchange for the reduction in size and possible change in location of dredged material disposal easement sites currently held by the federal government. The agreement shall provide for the federal government to relinquish certain dredged material disposal easements that are excess to maintenance project needs in exchange for the acquisition and furnishing to the federal government other easements that are sited and permitted by the Division of Coastal Management and acquired by the State Property Office under its powers of condemnation or otherwise using such funds as may be appropriated by the General Assembly from the Shallow Draft Navigation Channel Dredging and Aquatic Weed Fund established under Part 8B of Article 21 of Chapter 143 of the General Statutes for that purpose.
SECTION 6.(b) G.S. 143‑215.73F(b) is amended by adding a new subdivision to read:
"(4) To provide funding for siting and acquisition of dredged disposal easement sites associated with the maintenance of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway north of Beaufort Inlet and south of the border with the Commonwealth of Virginia, under a Memorandum of Agreement between the State and the federal government."
Energy Policy CounCIL clarification
SECTION 7. G.S. 113B‑4(a) reads as rewritten:
"(a) The Lieutenant Governor or the Lieutenant Governor's designee shall serve as chair of the Council."
Nutrient management regulatory framework revisions
SECTION 7.1.(a) Section 14.13(c)(2) of S.L. 2016‑94 reads as rewritten:
"(2) With respect to Falls
Lake, the final results of its study and recommendations for further action
(including any statutory or regulatory changes necessary to implement the
recommendations) no later than December 31,
2021, 2023, with
interim updates no later than December 31, 2019, and December 31, 2020.2021."
SECTION 7.1.(b) Section 14.13(d) of S.L. 2016‑94 reads as rewritten:
"SECTION 14.13.(d) As part of the periodic review and readoption of rules required by G.S. 150B‑21.3A, the Environmental Management Commission shall, based on the study required by subsection (c) of this section and any monitoring or modeling study conducted pursuant to existing regulations as defined in this section, review the following Nutrient Strategies:
(1) The Falls Water Supply Nutrient Strategy, 15A NCAC 2B .0275 through .0282 and .0315.
(2) The Jordan Lake Water Supply Nutrient Strategy, 15A NCAC 2B .0263 through .0273 and .0311.
(3) Any changes to these regulations imposed by acts of the General Assembly.
The schedule set forth in this subsection shall modify the
review and readoption schedule set by the Rules Review Commission under
G.S. 150B‑21.3A to the extent the schedules conflict. No later than
December 31, 2016, the Department of Environmental Quality shall report to the
Environmental Review Commission a list of any other rules and any acts of the
General Assembly changing the rules identified in this subsection, and the
Environmental Management Commission's review shall include the rules identified
in this section and in that report. As part of its rule review process, the
Environmental Management Commission shall (i) hold public hearings in the
upstream and downstream portions of the Falls Lake and Jordan Lake river basins
and subbasins and (ii) no later than December 31, 2016, convene a stakeholder
working group that represents all classes of users and all geographic parts of
the impacted river basins and subbasins and that will provide input to the
Environmental Management Commission regarding the revision to the Nutrient
Strategies. The Environmental Management Commission shall
recommendations for revisions of the Nutrient Strategies based on its review
and begin rule readoption required by G.S. 150B‑21.3A no later than
March 15, 2019. begin rule readoption for the Jordan Lake Water Supply
Nutrient Strategy no later than six months after it receives the completed
study and final recommendations prepared in response to subsection (c) of this
section. The Environmental Management Commission shall begin rule readoption
for the Falls Water Supply Nutrient Strategy on the earlier of the following: (i)
upon receipt of the completed study and final recommendations prepared in
response to subsection (c) of this section and any monitoring or modeling study
conducted pursuant to existing regulations for nutrient management in Falls
Lake or (ii) December 31, 2024. For purposes of the G.S. 150B‑21.3A
readoption process, the Nutrient Strategies shall be considered "necessary
with substantive public interest."
SECTION 7.1.(c) Section 14.13(h) of S.L. 2016‑94 reads as rewritten:
"SECTION 14.13.(h) The rules described below shall not take effect and are subject to the review and readoption required by subsection (d) of this section:
(1) With respect to the Jordan Lake rules, as defined by subdivisions (2) and (3) of subsection (d) of this section, any rules with effective dates between the effective date of this act and October 15, 2019.
(2) With respect to the Falls
Lake rules, as defined by subdivisions (1) and (3) of subsection (d) of this
section, any rules with effective dates between the effective date of this act
and October 15,
2022.2022, provided that provisions of the Falls Lake
rules which establish Stage I reduction actions and goals shall remain in
effect until the Falls Lake rules, as modified under subsection (d) of this
section, become effective. The due dates for reduction actions and goals set to
be completed by December 31, 2020, and the reduction actions and goals
identified as Stage II in the Falls Lake rules are delayed until the Falls Lake
rules, as modified under subsection (d) of this section, become effective."
Repeal catawba buffer Rules
SECTION 7.2.(a) Section 7.1 of S.L. 1999‑329 reads as rewritten:
"Section 7.1. Notwithstanding G.S. 150B‑21.1(a)(2)
and Section 8.6 of S.L. 1997‑458, the Environmental Management Commission
may adopt temporary rules as provided in this section to protect water quality
standards and uses as required to implement basinwide water quality management
plans for the
Cape Fear, Catawba, Cape Fear and Tar‑Pamlico
River Basins pursuant to G.S. 143‑214.1, 143‑214.7, 143‑215.3,
and 143B‑282. Prior to the adoption of a temporary rule under this
subsection, the Commission shall:
(1) Consult with persons who may be interested in the subject matter of the temporary rule during the development of the text of the proposed temporary rule.
(2) Publish a notice of intent to adopt a temporary rule in the North Carolina Register. The notice shall set out the text of the proposed temporary rule and include the name of the person to whom questions and written comment on the proposed rule may be submitted. The Commission shall accept written comment on the proposed temporary rule for at least 30 days after the notice of intent to adopt the temporary rule is published in the North Carolina Register.
(3) Hold a public hearing on the proposed temporary rule in the river basin to which the proposed temporary rule applies."
SECTION 7.2.(b) The Environmental Management Commission shall repeal 15A NCAC 02B .0243 (Catawba River Basin: Protection and Maintenance of Existing Riparian Buffers) on or before December 1, 2017. Until the effective date of the repeal of the rule required pursuant to this section, the Environmental Management Commission, the Department of Environmental Quality, or any other political subdivision of the State shall not implement or enforce 15A NCAC 02B .0243 (Catawba River Basin: Protection and Maintenance of Existing Riparian Buffers).
Coastal stormwater program variance
SECTION 7.3. Notwithstanding S.L. 2008‑211 and rules issued under the authority of that act (collectively, the "Coastal Stormwater Requirements"), the director of the Division of Energy, Mineral, and Land Resources of the Department of Environmental Quality shall, no later than 30 days after the date this act becomes law, issue a Director's Certification in fulfillment of coastal stormwater permitting requirements for any subdivision meeting all of the following requirements:
(1) The subdivision's declaration of covenants was recorded with the Register of Deeds in 1993.
(2) The development exceeds the low‑density impervious surface limitations provided in the Coastal Stormwater Requirements, but the developer of the subdivision is financially unable to bring the development into compliance with the Requirements.
(3) The developer of the subdivision transferred the stormwater permit to the homeowners association for the subdivision.
SECTION 8.(a) If any section or provision of this act is declared unconstitutional or invalid by the courts, it does not affect the validity of this act as a whole or any part other than the part declared to be unconstitutional or invalid.
SECTION 8.(b) Except as otherwise provided, this act is effective when it becomes law.